Bahasa Ambon - English Dictionary
  Adapted from Bahasa Ambon - English Dictionary - edited by Chaumont B. Devin
For this dictionary, the letter, 'x', is used to symbolize the glottal stop. Bahasa Ambon has no short 'e' or schwa.
Note that the doubled vowel in the ultima of many words contracts to a single vowel when followed by another word.
For example, 'taloor' means 'egg,' whereas 'talor ayang' means 'hen's egg.'
Note: In Bahasa Ambon, the vowels, 'o' and 'u' are often freely interchangeable, but not always, the rules, as far as I know, as yet still undetermined.
Note: In Bahasa Ambon, there appears to be no distinction between the diphthongs, 'ae' and 'ai.'
To convert a word from standard Bahasa to Bahasa Ambon, in general one might employ the following shaky rules:
1. change short 'e' to 'a'. Examples: sendiri -> sandiri, sengaja -> sangaja, tempurung -> tampurung.
2. Redouble the vowels of stressed ultimate syllables. Examples: senang -> sanaang, betul -> batuul, tendang -> tandaang.
3. Drop terminal 'h' and 'k'. Examples: sungguh -> sunggu, pendek -> pende, lebih -> labee.
4. Change some 'ai' to 'e'. Examples: bagaimana -> bagemana, sampai -> sampe.
5. Convert some terminal 'u' to 'o': Example: burung -> burong, tempurung -> tampurong, sumur -> sumor, campur -> campor, sejuk -> sajoo.
6. Change some 'ai' to 'ae'. Examples: baik -> bae, naik -> nae, air -> aer.
7. Change some penultimate short 'e' to 'o'. Examples: tepuk -> topu, penuh -> ponu, sepuh -> sopu.
8. Change some penultimate short 'e' to 'i'. Example: pecah -> pica.
9. Change some penultimate short 'e' to long 'e'. Examples: berak -> bera, bengkok -> bengko.
Esoteric Abbreviations: PAN = Proto Austronesian, the reconstructed parent language of many peoples found in the region between eastern Africa and western South America.
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   Bahasa Ambon English
   
   tohar    v. strike as with a lance or battering ram, especially to strike the water in this way with a pole in order to frighten fish. cf. pantohar.   
   toher    adj. afflicted with a pussy ear infection.   
   toi    see burung toi.   
   toki    v. 1. tap lightly, as with a mallet. 2. rap, as with the knuckles. Sapa toki pintu itu? = Who is knocking at the door?   
   tola    n. A fish (see ikang tola). v. push.   
   toleng-toleng    n. a kind of bamboo or wooden drum made of a pole having a slit cut out of one side. cf. tifa.   
   tolong    v. help. Tolong beta sadiki jua. = Please help me a little. adv. (often used with dolo or jua) please. Tolong angka akang dolo. = Please lift it.   
   toma    v. struggle against. Panggayo toma anging. = Paddle against the wind. adj. adverse. Anging toma = adverse wind.   
   tomat    see sayor tomat.   
   tombak    n. spear.   
   tombong    n. 1. coconut sprout which forms a ball inside the fruit. 2. Hernia that causes bulging scrotum.   
   tomi-tomi    see pohong tomi-tomi.   
   tonda    v. 1. tow. 2. troll for fish. Tonda ikang apa itu? = What kind of fish are you trolling for?   
   tone    v. mash. adj. mashed.   
   tongka    n. 1. prop. 2. cane, walking stick. v. prop up.   
   tongka langit    see pisang tongka langit.   
   tongka pinggang    v. assume or maintain a posture with hand on hip.   
   tongka setang    n. A stick insect.   
   tongke    see muka tongke, kayu tongke.   
   tongke-tongke    n. mangrove swamp. Also mangi-mangi.   
   toni    n. hair bangs. cf. sasak.   
   took    n. sound of a stone striking ground.   
   toong    n. steel drum. cf. dareem.   
   toop    n. A kind of gambling game played with cards.   
   top    adj. first rate.   
   topi    n. hat.   
   topu    v. clap. Topu tangang kuat. = Clap (your) hands hard.   
   torana    v. strike hard, as with a lance.   
   tornei    v. go on a tour of inspection.   
   toro    v. 1. back up, reverse. adv. in reverse. 2. move (something) a little distance away.   
   
 
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